Letters and Sounds lessons are delivered daily to all pupils in EYFS and Key Stage One. Letters annd sounds is taught in 6 phases, starting with Phase 1 in Nursery, through to Phase 6 which is taught in Year 2.
Pupils begin learning Phase One of letters and sounds as they join Nursery. Activities are planned, which are divided into seven aspects:
Environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.
Pupils continue to revisit Phase One and progress onto Phase two, three and four. During phase two, pupils learn letters of the alphabet and the sounds each letter makes. During Phase 3, the pupils revisit the letter sounds from phase 2 and progress onto learning graphemes such as ch, oo, th. They begin to read captions, sentences and questions. During phase 4, the pupils begin to learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants e.g swim, clap, jump.
Throughout Year One, the pupils continue to revisit phase 2, 3 and 4 and then progress onto phase 5. During this phase the children learn alternate pronounciations for graphemes e.g ‘ay’ and ‘ai’. In Year Two, once the pupils have completed phase 5, they begin phase 6. During this phase, the pupils learn to apply different spelling rules including adding prefixes and suffixes to root words.
During Key Stage two, pupils continue to learn and apply spelling rules and patterns and where appropriate, revisit the different phases of Letters and Sounds.